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These instructions assume you would like to use Ignite to make an image of your workstation or server using the "make_tape_recovery" command for making a bootable tape or to be used with the Ignite GUI which run's on an Ignite server.
Two reasons for using Ignite are:
How to start
- One or more (O/S) drives have been replaced on the target box.
Because the O/S is now FuBar, you can do one of two things.
- Reload the O/S from CD or tape including all patches and applications
(one or more days), or
- You can ignite the target box using an image that was created from a
similar box, which had the O/S configured, patches added and applications
installed (35 minutes to one hour).
- You have to upgrade more than one box with:
All of which could take an hour or more to complete.
- An O/S upgrade.
- A patch or patches.
- An application.
- All the above.
Create a bootable tape
In order to copy ALL of vg00 - use the following command:
make_tape_recovery -v -A -I -x inc_entire=vg00 -a /dev/rmt/0mn
The "-I" parameter will automatically stop the install process in order for
you to make adjustments if needed, i.e.; logical volume size adjustments, etc.
If you do not use this parameter you will have a ten second window to stop the
process before your install starts. See Ignite from a bootable tape
for more information.
IF you get:
NOTE: File: /var/opt/ignite/recovery/<date>,<time>/<file_name> is not
world-readable, this may cause clients to fail to read it during an
you may need to run "umask 022" before the make_tape_recovery command is run.
Ignite from a bootable tape
Additional issues you may have when trying to Ignite from Tape:
- If you did not use "-I" when running the "make_tape_recovery",
you will get the following WARNING in order to halt the automatic ignition of your server from tape.
WARNING: The configuration information calls for a non-interactive
Press <Return> within 10 seconds to cancel batch-mode installation:
- If you press <Return> at this point you will get the following:
Really cancel non-interactive install and start the
Pressing "y" then <Return> will start your interaction with ignite as shown above.
- The last warning you may get when not choosing to run an interactive Ignite session is if you have a filesystem/boot area on your drive:
WARNING: The disk at: 0/1/1/0.0.0 (SEAGATE_ST123456WC) appears to contain a file
system and boot area. Continuing the installation will destroy any
existing data on this disk.
Press <Return> within 10 seconds to cancel batch-mode installation:
Basically, if you do not stop the process in time, the process will run and you will have ignited your server from tape.
Duplicate [copy] the tape
A tape created with "make_tape_recovery" contains 2 tape files.
The first tape file is written with a 2k block size, and the second with a 10k block size. The first file is a LIF file, and the second is a tar archive.
If you have 2 tape drives on a system, then you can easily duplicate the tapes using 2 "dd" commands with a no-rewind-on-close device file for the first command. For example:
dd if=/dev/rmt/0mn of=/dev/rmt/1mn bs=2k
dd if=/dev/rmt/0m of=/dev/rmt/1m bs=10k
(Your main tape drive is "0m" and your second tape drive is "1m")
If you only have 1 tape drive, and have enough disk space to hold the contents of both tape files, then use something like this:
dd if=/dev/rmt/0mn of=/someplace/special/file1 bs=2k
dd if=/dev/rmt/0m of=/someplace/special/file2 bs=10k
(Insert blank tape now)
dd if=/someplace/special/file1 of=/dev/rmt/0mn bs=2k
dd if=/someplace/special/file2 of=/dev/rmt/0m bs=10k
You can also use this command: /opt/ignite/bin/copy_boot_tape. It has a number
of options you'll need to work out. See the man page for this beast.
Specific information concerning how to further configure the following files can be accessed
from the Ignite URL listed above. All files listed below are located on the Ignite server.
- /var/opt/ignite/INDEX -
Initial file which will indicate other files to be used. Its description
will show in the "Configuration:" menu selection.
- /var/opt/ignite/data/Rel_B.10.20/apps_7xx.cfg -
This file tells ignite where to get the "Golden" image. It also has information that you
change when the "impacts" statements are run. To get the impact statement, run:
/opt/ignite/lbin/archive_impact -t -g
- /var/opt/ignite/config.local.7xx -
This file contains DNS, NIS, XNTP, Kernel modifications, and the location of any post
configurations files which will need to run. Shown in the "Systems" tab area when the GUI is run.
- /opt/ignite/data/Rel_B.10.20/config.7xx -
Generic LVM layout.
- /var/opt/ignite/saved_cfgs/7xx_Install -
Final LVM layout. Shown in the "File System" tab area when the GUI is run.
Create an Image
- Copy the
make_sys_image file to the target box:
ignite_server # rcp /opt/ignite/data/scripts/make_sys_image target_box:/tmp
- Log onto the target box.
- SU to root.
- Change init level to two and kill automount process if running.
Disable users from logging on to target box.
- Run the following command:
target_server # /tmp/make_sys_image -d /var/opt/ignite/archives/Rel_B.10.20
You may need to temporarily add the target box to the Ignite servers
- Restore init level and user access.
Ignite from the LAN
- Turn on target box.
- Press and hold the "ESC" key when prompted for:
Selecting a system to boot, and
Searching for Potential Boot Devices.
- Enter the boot administration mode:
Select from menu: a.
- Access the boot server:
BOOT_ADMIN> boot lan install.
- Get a kernel:
ISL> hpux (;0)/boot/INSTALL.
- Press the "Enter" key within three minutes at this next screen.
- Three things to do on this screen:
- Use the "Tab" key to navigate your cursor to the "Remote graphical..."
- Press the "Space Bar" to change your selection.
- Select "Ok" when complete.
- Press "Crtl-C" to stop the DHCP search.
- Using the "Tab" key to navigate:
- Add the hostname
- Add an IP
- Add the netmask
- All other info should be correct. Select "Ok" when complete.
- At this point, an icon that represents the target box your on will appear on the
Ignite GUI. You can run the remainder of the install from the GUI using
the information noted in Ignite New Box.
If you really need to, you can run the rest of ignite from the target box.
It just ain't pretty.
- Log onto Ignite server.
- SU to root.
- Export your display.
- Set your PATH
io # export PATH=$PATH:/opt/ignite/bin:/opt/ignite/lbin
- Start ignite
ignite_server # ignite.
- When the GUI comes up, you will notice one or more icons which represent a box
on our network.
- If the desired icon is not present, select from the pull down menu
"Actions -> Boot New Client..." Input the desired hostname. After you
click "Ok", Ignite will reboot your desired box. In a few minutes the icon
- If this does not work, you will need to Ignite from the LAN.
- Click (highlight) the desired icon. Right click to bring up the menu and
select "Install Client -> New Install..."
- If you chose "Install Client -> Repeat Install...", a window will appear
which will have your currently selected box highlighted. Just like it sounds,
you can repeat the previous install that was executed on this box.
- Click "Ok" on the first screen that comes up (unless you want to do some typing).
- If a "Confirmation" window comes up due to your reinstall of an (already)
installed box, click on "No" to pick or re-pick new settings.
- The "Configuration:" menu selection is where you pick which type of install you
want to perform. For this example we will chose the "7xx Series Install."
- The "7xx Series Install" and all other selections in this menu are listed
in the INDEX file.
- Click on the "Systems" tab at the top of the window.
- Click on "Set Root Password..." to enter the current root password.
- Click on the "File System" tab at the top of the window and make sure you are
not going to go over the file system limits.
- The limits may go over by 4 meg or so due to the image being made from a box
which had drives with less defective blocks. Simply reduce the amount of disk
space used on a file system. I recommend reducing /usr.
- Click on the "Advanced" tab. Highlight the
"/var/opt/ignite/scripts/7xx_on_13x_net.post.install" selection were 13x indicates
which subnet your box is NOT going to be on.
- Click on the "Remove" button to remove this script.
- Click on "Go!."
- Click on "Go!" in the "itool Confirmation (target_hostname)" window.
- Double click on the icon to get a "Client Status..." window just in case you
want to see the ongoing status of your ignite installation.
- Test to make sure all is well with the newly installed box.
- If the box is a server where users are going to logon using Exceed, you need to
uncomment the following lines located in the /etc/vue/config/Xacceess file:
#* # grant service to all remote displays
#* CHOOSER BROADCAST
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